This finance brief summarizes the history of water and sanitation services provision in the U.S., U.K., and South Korea and considers whether this historical experience is relevant to low- and middle-income countries today.
In the U.S., national and local governments investments were responsible for water and sanitation provision.
In the U.K., small private providers initially provided water and sanitation, but over time these became public utilities.
In South Korea, initial funds for water and sanitation came from foreign aid. Taxes and tariffs have since replaced this aid.
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Title: Universal Water and Sanitation: How Did the Rich Countries Do It?
Publication date 2015-03-01
Publication Year 2015
Public Finance for WASH
Europe (Western) / United Kingdom
, North America / United States
, Asia (Eastern) / Korea (South Korea)
, rich countries
, public finance
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