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International Center for Research on Women (ICRW);
Globally the garment industry is one of the biggest employers of low-skilled women workers. Despite their large numbers in the workforce, relatively few female garment workers advance to higher-level positions as they have limited opportunities to acquire the skills that would enable their professional and personal growth. In response to this need, Gap Inc. initiated the P.A.C.E. (Personal Advancement & Career Enhancement) workplace education program to teach women the managerial, interpersonal, organizational and other practical skills needed to move forward in work and in life.
This report summarizes findings from program evaluations conducted by ICRW from 2009 - 2013 at six factory sites where P.A.C.E. is implemented - two in India and one each in Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh and China.
Research findings from these robust, multi-country evaluations demonstrate that P.A.C.E. is an effective, sustainable and scalable model that yields high returns for women, their families and the businesses where they work.
Outlines the climate change and energy security issues both nations face and proposes a comprehensive program of sustained, high-level collaboration to build low-carbon economies and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Lists priority areas and first steps.
Kordant Philanthropy Advisors;
Interest in impact investments is growing worldwide, with Asia in particular holding great promise for innovation. But who are impact investors and what causes do they support? Which organizations are working in this sector?
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP);
Countries like China, but also Brazil, India, Indonesia and South Africa, are becoming more involved in development assistance not only through government aid but also through private investment, remittances and homegrown philanthropy. As the world looks for additional sources of funding to finance its fight against poverty, inequality and climate change, a lot of hope is resting on the rise of philanthropy. A strong and healthy philanthropic sector in China, confident in looking outside its borders and with the right capacities to respond to the great demands, will benefit China, as well as the rest of the world. This report believes that China today has the unprecedented opportunity to tap into its expanding non-profit and philanthropic sector. Home to record numbers of billionaires who have started to give back, with more and more corporations investing in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and with an expanding middle class increasingly aware of environmental and social challenges, China has vast resources to mobilize in support of philanthropy. In the last few years, technology and new media have created innovative ways to donate, which are making it even easier for the general public to participate in philanthropy. Finally, as Chinese businesses and state-owned companies continue to go global, China's philanthropists are also starting to look beyond their borders.
Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation at Harvard Kennedy School;
This brief report summarizes the initial key findings of a recently launched China Philanthropy Project at Harvard Kennedy School's Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation. In the summer of 2015, our team began collecting data relating to major domestic philanthropic donations in China from September 2014 to August 2015. We sought to identify the 100 top donors in China, their professional background (real estate, manufacturing, etc.), type of giving (cash, stock, etc.), cause(s) supported (education, environment, etc.), vehicle of support (direct donation, donation through another foundation, etc.), origin and destination of giving, and type of recipient organization to which they gave. These 100 individuals accounted for $3.8 billion of both pledges and donations in the one-year period, which accounted for about 0.03% of China's 2014 GDP, and their actual giving equaled just under one-quarter of total national giving that year. In the event that top donations were given by a private company, the founder of that corporation is listed as the donor, given the level of control such founders exercise over private companies in China. In the event that top donations were given by a publicly listed company or corporate foundation, whose ownership structure can therefore be confirmed, the controlling shareholder is listed as the donor.
While Forbes, Hurun, and other organizations have compiled data related to China's "rich lists," and academic institutions such as Johns Hopkins have built useful comparative indices related to giving and volunteering, we thought an interactive research platform was needed to think about definitions of generosity and the geography of giving in the Chinese context. The resulting maps, donor database, "Top 10" lists, and key findings serve as the beginning of such a user-focused platform. The website also features social media and feedback/inquiry e-mail buttons for visitors to share thoughts on how to improve and expand the site, identify errors, and share the findings. Our early work has identified several broad patterns, and therefore a host of new questions that will frame subsequent waves of more in-depth research in the coming years.
Highlights: China shows a small overall improvement from 2007 due in part to a new access to information regulation, which helped bolster citizen access to ombudsman reports and auditing records. Our lead researcher cites a "freer" internet where some criticisms of government are allowed to remain, but at the same time journalists continue to work in a threatening atmosphere where they risk imprisonment for collaboration with foreign media outlets. China lacks a legal framework for regulating political financing due to the fact that political party expenditures are "covered by the central government" and businesses typically do not influence politics through donations, but rather through personal contacts. The national ombudsman is connected to the ruling party and whistle-blowing regulations are disregarded in practice, providing very few outlets for citizens or civil servants to voice their concerns.
This peer-reviewed country report includes:
Integrity Indicators Scorecard: Scores, scoring criteria, commentary, references, and peer review perspectives for more than 300 Integrity Indicators.
Reporter's Notebook: An on-the-ground look at corruption and integrity from a leading local journalist.
Corruption Timeline: Ten years of political context to today's corruption and integrity issues.
Country Facts: Statistical context for each country.
Center for Effective Philanthropy;
Three foundations -- the Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund, the Energy Foundation, and the Wilburforce Foundation -- seek to make an impact on some of the most complicated challenges we face: civil rights, renewable energy sources, and wildlife protection. This case study provides an in-depth look at how these foundations cultivate an understanding of their fields and then turn that understanding into more effective grantmaking.
USC Dornsife Program for Environmental and Regional Equity;
We offer this document as our own effort to build the inclusion and understandings that will help both communities and leaders recognize the grassroots wisdom and issues that could help us realize the positive impacts from globalization and minimize the negative aspects that have concerned us all. Another world is possible, but it is up to us to build it.
Global Labor Strategies;
A behind-the-scenes battle is raging worldwide over reforms in China's labor law. On the one side are U.S.-based and other global corporations who have been aggressively lobbying to limit new rights for Chinese workers. On the other side are pro-worker rights forces in China, backed by labor, human rights, and political forces in the U.S. and around the world. A new report by Global Labor Strategies, entitled UNDUE INFLUENCE: Corporation Gain Ground in Battle Over China's New Labor Law, details how lobbying by American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai (AmCham), the United States-China Business Council, and U.S.-based global corporations have forced significant changes in contract, collective bargaining, severance, and other rights guaranteed for Chinese workers under a law to be voted on later this year by the Chinese National People's Congress. UNDUE INFLUENCE follows on GLS's groundbreaking report: BEHIND THE GREAT WALL: U.S. Corporations Opposing New Rights for Chinese Workers. The battle is far from over, however. UNDUE INFLUENCE reveals that while publicly claiming to support the new legislation, companies like Wal-Mart, Microsoft, Google, General Electric and others have launched an unpublicized new attack demanding further gutting of the law's most important provisions. But UNDUE INFLUENCE also discloses significant pushback by Chinese and international forces. U.S. members of Congress have introduced legislation decrying the corporate intervention and apparent Administration complicity; China's official labor organization, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU), has taken a strong stand against corporate pressure; international union federations have pressured their employers to reverse course; and human rights organizations have mobilized support for Chinese workers' rights. Such counter-pressure has led to splits among global companies operating in China. Nike has virtually repudiated the efforts of the United States Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai (AmCham) to lobby against the law. And the E.U. Chamber of Commerce has reversed its opposition to the law and renounced its threat that its member companies may leave China if the law is passed. Undue Influence reveals this and other shifts among U.S. and E.U. corporations operating in China.
Human Rights in China;
The one-year countdown to the 2008 Beijing Olympics and its media fanfare have come and gone, leaving behind persistent calls for an "economical and practical" Olympics to counteract perceived waste and excess in preparing for the Games. Increasingly, in the past few years, such sentiments have found their way onto the Internet, in blogs, discussion forums and local papers as a full accounting of the spending on various Olympic constructions and events has yet to be fully disclosed to the public.
Similar to the open letter "OneWorld,One Dream and Universal Human Rights" from 40 Chinese academics, writers and human rights activists, these sentiments against an extravagant and wasteful Olympics provide another perspective often hidden from themedia glare aimed at festivities and publicity campaigns. This HRIC Issues Brief provides a sample of the range and diversity of these critical views on the Beijing Olympic Games expressed by Chinese Netizens on general blogs and Internet discussion and news forums.
Human Rights Watch;
This 61-page report documents the Chinese government's failure to fulfill long-repeated promises to protect the rights of migrant construction workers, as well as to end deprivations caused by the discriminatory nature of China's household registration (hukou) system. An estimated 1 million migrant construction workers, hailing from other parts of China, make up nearly 90 percent of Beijing's construction workforce. These workers are the muscle behind completion of Olympic Games-related infrastructure and sporting venues. The Beijing Olympic Games begin on August 8, 2008.
Human Rights in China;
An FAQ for foreign journalists operating in China during the 2008 Beijing Olympics.