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Center for Economic and Policy Research;
Recent estimates of the U.S. economic gains that would result from the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) are very small -- only 0.13 percent of GDP by 2025. Taking into account the un-equalizing effect of trade on wages, this paper finds the median wage earner will probably lose as a result of any such agreement. In fact, most workers are likely to lose -- the exceptions being some of the bottom quarter or so whose earnings are determined by the minimum wage; and those with the highest wages who are more protected from international competition. Rather, many top incomes will rise as a result of TPP expansion of the terms and enforcement of copyrights and patents. The long-term losses, going forward over the same period (to 2025), from the failure to restore full employment to the United States have been some 25 times greater than the potential gains of the TPP, and more than five times as large as the possible gains resulting from a much broader trade agenda.
International Center for Research on Women (ICRW);
Globally the garment industry is one of the biggest employers of low-skilled women workers. Despite their large numbers in the workforce, relatively few female garment workers advance to higher-level positions as they have limited opportunities to acquire the skills that would enable their professional and personal growth. In response to this need, Gap Inc. initiated the P.A.C.E. (Personal Advancement & Career Enhancement) workplace education program to teach women the managerial, interpersonal, organizational and other practical skills needed to move forward in work and in life.
This report summarizes findings from program evaluations conducted by ICRW from 2009 - 2013 at six factory sites where P.A.C.E. is implemented - two in India and one each in Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh and China.
Research findings from these robust, multi-country evaluations demonstrate that P.A.C.E. is an effective, sustainable and scalable model that yields high returns for women, their families and the businesses where they work.
This report is the third in a series to chronicle the concluding years of The Atlantic Philanthropies, the largest foundation ever to decide to commit its entire endowment in a limited timeframe and then close its doors.
It covers events that occurred from late 2010 through September 2012, some four to five years before Atlantic expects to make its final grant commitments, including:an intense 10-month strategic planning process to narrow its grantmaking focus and set a timetable for the foundation's concluding period for each programme and each country where it operatesstaff concerns as the realities of the end of foundation set inHuman Resources' plans to help employees prepare for their post-Atlantic careers and positive reactions to the release of an explicit policy on severancean examination into the issue of grantee sustainability, particularly in countries and programmes where replacement funders are unlikely.In-depth case studies explore Atlantic's impact and the challenge of grantee sustainability in two focus areas: efforts to abolish the death penalty in the U.S. and to promote the rights of the rural poor in South Africa.
Kordant Philanthropy Advisors;
Interest in impact investments is growing worldwide, with Asia in particular holding great promise for innovation. But who are impact investors and what causes do they support? Which organizations are working in this sector?
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO);
This paper was prepared by Poseidon Aquatic Resource Management Ltd and the FAO Development Law Service (LEGN) for the Asia-Pacific Fisheries Commission workshop on Mainstreaming Fisheries Co-management in Asia-Pacific, which was held in Siem Reap, Cambodia, from 9 to 12 August 2005. The paper examines the policy and legislative frameworks for co-management in thirteen countries in Asia and the Pacific, and the extent to which these frameworks hinder or support co-management practices. Through an analysis of the different case studies, 'lessons learned' are presented and a number of conclusions are drawn about the key characteristics of a supportive policy and legislative framework based on some ideas about 'best practice'. The adoption of these characteristics by governments would demonstrate their commitment to co-management and increase the likelihood of co-management success.
As of August 2012, the Rockefeller Foundation has approved and funded 23 city projects that build urban climate change resilience (UCCR). These interventions have been initiated in the 10 core ACCCRN cities and have amounted to US $9.4 million, with some additional contributions from local governments and other local partners. Through ACCCRN, new projects in the 10 core cities will continue to be initiated until 2014, further expanding the base of practice. The city projects include both "hard" and "soft" measures, span multiple thematic sectors -- flood/ drainage, disaster risk reduction, water resources, housing and health -- with most projects addressing more than one sector in a single intervention. They also employ a range of approaches e.g. planning, further analysis, direct action, and coordination mechanisms.
This catalogue provides a brief overview of ACCCRN city projects across 10 cities.The following project sheets provide basic information about the city project, intended impacts and key beneficiaries.They also highlight the climate change vulnerabilities and urban issues that each project aims to address, as well as how projects contribute to improved urban climate resilience of the city's systems. These aspects are further explained below and are highlighted in each project sheet.
Vietnam over the last 10-15 years has made enormous gains in poverty reduction. Most people have benefited from high economic growth rates. However, overall it is still a relatively poor country in terms of per capita income and the gap between the poorest and the majority of the population is widening. This report provides an overview on poverty and development in Vietnam. Identified are areas where the Trust can maximise impact within Vietnam. Additionally, recommendations are provided on the next steps for Programme Implementation.
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (World Bank Water);
This paper describes two Southeast Asian programs that are making handwashing a feature of everyday lives on a national scale. The program in Vietnam has concentrated on first gaining an understanding on how people actually behave and then determing how to change that behavior, while the program in Indonesia leverages the reach of the private sector and other partners to scale up handwashing initiatives previously researched and already underway.
World Bank, The;
This paper provides insight into the World Bank's project to encourage people to use soap and water to wash their hands at critical times throughout the day in Peru and Vietnam. They find that it is not easy to change behavior at the large scale.
Asian Development Bank;
The primary audience for this report is management and staff working in water resources agencies in Asia, particularly those in river basin organizations (RBOs) in their various forms. The roles and responsibilities of RBOs vary considerably and are evolving as pressures
on water resources are becoming more severe. Although this report seeks to share knowledge about the fundamentals and application of water
rights and allocation, it attempts to do so with a practical focus.
EU Water Initiative;
The author argues that the case of lending for water and sanitation is a "classic market failure". Though it can be a productive activity for lenders and borrowers, there are a variety of factors that cause it to remain a small share of local commercial banks and micro-finance institutions' portfolios. The report outlines ways that government donors and philanthropists can be effective at spurring on this market.
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (World Bank Water);
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program's Global Scaling up Handwashing Project, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is an effort to expand handwashing among women and children by using innovative promotional approaches. This working paper provides case studies of the project in Vietnam and Peru. Both used entertainment education and teacher capacity building, but as a result of differences in government and education contexts, as well as child-focused research that revealed important cultural differences, programs varied substantially among the two locations. In both cases, the primary school setting was found to be an effective site for improving handwashing.