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Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch;
A Special Report By Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch and Critical Mass Energy and Environment Program. A review of U.S. government "system" audits of five nations (Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Australia and Canada) reveals that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)'s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) deemed "equivalent" systems with sanitary measures that differ from FSIS policy, and in some cases, violate the express language of U.S. laws and regulations. Because FSIS has refused to respond to Public Citizen Freedom of Information Act requests for correspondence and other documentation regarding these equivalency decisions, it is impossible to determine what is the current status of these issues and whether they have been resolved by regulators. - The U.S. law requiring meat to be inspected by independent government officials was violated by Brazil and Mexico and they retained their eligibility to export to the United States. - The USDA's zero tolerance policy for contamination by feces was repeatedly violated by Australia, Canada and Mexico. - U.S. regulations requiring monthly supervisory reviews of plants eligible to export be conducted on behalf of USDA by foreign government officials were violated by Argentina, Brazil, Canada and Mexico, several of whom are seeking to avoid this core requirement of U.S. regulation. Monthly reviews are vitally important to remind the meat industry that the meat inspector who works the line in the plant is backed by the weight of the government and to double-check the work of meat inspectors on a regular basis. - Even though U.S. regulations requiring that a government official -- not a company employee -- sample meat for salmonella microbial contamination, the USDA approved company employees performing this task as part of an equivalency determination with Brazil and Canada. - Even though U.S. regulations require certain microbial testing to be performed at government labs, the U.S. approved testing by private labs as part of the equivalency determination with Brazil, Canada and Mexico. - Unapproved and/or improper testing procedures and sanitation violations have been re-identified by FSIS year after year for Australia, Brazil, Canada and Mexico, but the countries have retained their eligibility to export to the United States. - After its regulatory systems was designated "equivalent," Mexico began using alternative procedures for salmonella and E. coli that had never been evaluated by FSIS, yet the country retained its eligibility to import to the United States. - Australia and Canada were allowed to export to the United States while using their own methods and procedures for such matters as E. coli testing, postmortem inspection, monthly supervisory reviews and pre-shipment reviews while awaiting an equivalency determination from FSIS. - FSIS auditors and Canadian food safety officials continue to disagree about whether particular measures have already been found "equivalent" by FSIS, yet Canadian imports remained uninterrupted. - The regulatory systems of Brazil and Mexico have been rated equivalent even though the countries plead insufficient personnel and monetary resources to explain their inability to carry out all required functions.
Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch;
This fact sheet is part of Public Citizen's "NAFTA at Ten Series" and documents the results of the failed NAFTA model. Before NAFTA, trade agreements dealt with traditional matters such as cutting tariffs and lifting quotas that had set the terms of trade in goods between countries. NAFTA shattered the boundaries of trade agreements; its central focus and most powerful rules concerned investment, and it contained 900 pages of one-size-fits-all "non-trade" rules with significant implications for food safety, drug patents and access to medicines, not to mention jobs, wages and economic security. It also constrained the ability of local government to zone against sprawl or toxic industries. NAFTA was a radical experiment -- never before had a merger of three nations with such different levels of development been attempted. When NAFTA was being debated, proponents and opponents alike predicted its consequences. Now the data are in. What are NAFTA's lessons in Canada, the United States and Mexico? The Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) are both proposals to expand NAFTA, but NAFTA's record is playing a significant role in both the hesitance of some FTAA target countries to adopt the NAFTA model and the concerns of U.S. lawmakers to approve CAFTA.
Nonprofit Research Collaborative;
The economy is trending up, slightly and slowly, but upward. Unemployment is trending down, slightly and slowly, but downward. The historical record shows that these broad changes impact giving as donors gain more confidence in their own economic futures. This study reveals to what extent charitable organizations in the United States and Canada began to see changes in charitable receipts in 2012.
This work is important because, as other studies show, nonprofit charitable organizations continue to face rising demands for services and lower revenues from government grants and fees paid, user fees, and other resources.Using effective fundraising to generate sustained philanthropic giving can be part of the solution to the growing pressures many nonprofit organization managers perceive.
Nearly 1,200 organizations answered NRC survey questions in early 2013 about charitable receipts from January through December 2012. Responding charitable groups included large and small organizations (by budget size) and organizations fromevery sub-sector, from Arts, Culture & Humanities to Religion. The survey reached organizations in the United States and Canada.
Questions ranged from changes in charitable receipt amounts in 2012 compared with 2011 to expectations for 2013. Sections of this report share findings from the major sections of the survey.The first section of this report shares results about charitable receipts in 2012 and compares them with results from similar surveys from 2002 through 2011. This first section also compares what charities expected would happen in 2012 with what actually did.
Toward the middle of the report, we share findings from questions related to planned giving and whether nonprofit organizations in this study have a formal planned giving program. As part of a series of rotating questions, we also asked about specific methods that charitable organizations might use to keep donors informed and engaged. This report includes some key findings, such as the percentage of responding charities that send a thank you acknowledgement, how many in this study are using e-newsletters, and other aspects of donor engagement.
Compares the U.S. health system to those of twelve OECD countries based on measures of spending; physician supply and visits; utilization, supply, and prices of drugs and diagnostic imaging; and performance. Examines the causes of high U.S. spending.
AFP Foundation for Philanthropy;
Special events are important to many nonprofit organizations because they help raise awareness of a cause and help cultivate relationships with donors and potential donors. Events tend to be more costly than other fundraising strategies in terms of return on investment, but they are often incorporated into overall fundraising strategy because they provide visibility for the organization and opportunities to involve people in its activities.
The literature on special events is largely focused on anecdotal descriptions of how-to's for producing events -- budgets, checklists, timelines, descriptions of types of events, formats, use of media for events, managing volunteer involvement, securing in-kind support, and evaluation of the event. What is missing from the literature is benchmarking research that would help a nonprofit determine whether an event is appropriate considering its circumstances, how its event results compare with those of other like organizations, and effective ways to follow up with constituents, media and potential donors after the event.
In this study, the AFP Foundation for Philanthropy collected information on event planning and management to enable nonprofit managers to compare their events with those of other organizations by type, size, region, metropolitan area size, and number and types of events per year. The study results provide a tool to help nonprofits make informed decisions about whether to invest in an event, how to plan a successful event(s), steps to maximize return on investment, and follow-up activities to help turn event attendees into donors. Study results will also be used by the Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP) to plan formats for presenting event planning information to its members.
Center for Civil Society Studies at Johns Hopkins Institute for Policy Studies;
A "global associational revolution," a major upsurge of organized, private, voluntary and nonprofit activity, has been under way around the world for the past thirty years or more. Despite the scale and scope of this development, however, official data to portray it have long been lacking. This report takes an important step toward remedying this situation by presenting a summary of new findings from the implementation b statistical offices in sixteen countries of the United Nations "Handbook on Nonprofit Institutions in the System of National Accounts".
Developed by the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies in cooperation with the UN Statistics Division and an International Technical Experts Group, and issued by the U.N. in 2003, this Handbook calls on national statistical offices to produce regular "satellite accounts" on nonprofit institutions and volunteering for the first time, and provides detailed guidance on how to do so. The result is a far more complete official picture of the scope and structure of the nonprofit or civil societ sector than has ever been available in these countries.
This report presents the findings from the implementation of this UN NPI Handbook in 16 countries aound the world, including data on the comparative workforce, contribution to GDP, expenditures, revenues, and distribution of activities, and an in-depth look at the advantages off the Handbook approach over the traditional SNA methods of measurement.
It is our hope that this report will help to encourage civil society and foundation leaders, volunteer promotion organizations, and statistical offices in other countries to promote the implementation of the UN NPI Handbook in their countries. The result will be to make the nonprofit and volunteer sector more visible, enhance its credibility, enable more effective partnerships between NPIs and public and private institutions, open new research opportunities for scholars, improve the clarity with which national accounts statistics portray national economies, and ultimately to improve citizen well-being.
Cambridge & North Dumfries Community Foundation;
In the framework of the Millennium Scholarship, Carolyn Parkinson was hosted at the Cambridge & North Dumfries Community Foundation. This report is the result of her research in the area of collaboration among non-profit agencies and between non-profit agencies and businesses. The document includes information about partnerships and collaborations, factors determining success, conflict areas and solutions, as well as information on working with businesses along with an appendix that provides information for possible collaboration agreements.
Canadian Centre for Philosophy;
The Ethical Fundraising and Financial Accountability Code was developed by the Canadian Centre for Philanthropy, in consultation with charity leaders throughout Canada. Its primary purpose is to assure donors of the integrity and accountability of charities that solicit and receive their financial support.
Philanthropic Foundations Canada;
Statement of values and ethical principles approved by the board of directors of "Philanthropic Foundations Canada" on December 6, 2004 and subscribed annually by its members. It serves as a frame of reference to support and guide the work of the foundations by common values and ethical principles.
This book addresses the directors of not-for-profit corporations, aiming at providing them with guidelines both on technical know-how and the legal framework for their actions. The authors also aim to organise the information in a friendly fashion which doesn't require prolonged study, but highlights the essentials.
Highlights: Despite strong performance in many areas, Canada continues to struggle with controlling the influence of money in the political process. There are no limits on loans to political parties or candidates, and in nomination and political party leadership races, loopholes allow for secrecy when it comes to financial contributions to candidates. Despite cooling-off periods for officials leaving the executive branch, Members of Parliament and their staff are not subject to any post-government employment restrictions, encouraging a revolving door effect between lawmakers and lobbyists. Meanwhile, the personal assets disclosures of Canadian Senators remain confidential and inaccessible to the public, a bizarre exception for one of the world's wealthier and more developed democracies. Judicial accountability is also weak, with no disclosure of personal assets or gifts, no restrictions on receiving gifts, and a complaints process in which judges judge other judges. Overall, government accountability watchdog agencies (including the police) either lack powers to enforce laws or have a weak enforcement record.
This peer-reviewed country report includes:
Integrity Indicators Scorecard: Scores, scoring criteria, commentary, references, and peer review perspectives for more than 300 Integrity Indicators.
Reporter's Notebook: An on-the-ground look at corruption and integrity from a leading local journalist.
Corruption Timeline: Ten years of political context to today's corruption and integrity issues.
Country Facts: Statistical context for each country.
Center for Effective Philanthropy;
Three foundations -- the Evelyn and Walter Haas, Jr. Fund, the Energy Foundation, and the Wilburforce Foundation -- seek to make an impact on some of the most complicated challenges we face: civil rights, renewable energy sources, and wildlife protection. This case study provides an in-depth look at how these foundations cultivate an understanding of their fields and then turn that understanding into more effective grantmaking.