What, then, is the role of private philanthropy? Private foundations can, as they have on many occasions in the past, use their limited financial resources to serve as catalysts in addressing preventive aspects of family-related problems. Throughout its nearly 50 years, the Kellogg Foundation has believed that the home and family are the most important forces in transmitting values from one generation to another. That commitment stretches back to 1934, when the Foundation pioneered the Michigan Community Health Project a comprehensive effort which demonstrated that the family's health, educational opportunities, and general standard of living could be enhanced through public health services, childhood medical screening and care, together with an extensive program of school improvement, expanded library services and general community development. The process of analyzing and determining how to most effectively address modern day family problems has been under way for some time now by the Foundation, with assistance from family and child development experts. Several projects described in this report aim specifically at family concerns. In a very real sense, most of the Kellogg Foundation's more than 620 active projects are directly focused on family-related problems in health, education, nutrition and other areas. There are and will be many other approaches, far more than the Foundation can possibly impact. They may include marital/family health education, family crises intervention, projects tailored to address ways to alleviate the stress and adjustment of frequent family moving, and efforts aimed at improving family stability through "work shifting" of gainfully employed parents.