The K-12 Student Success: Out-of-School Time Initiative is focused on boosting student success among Oregon's middle school students. The Oregon Community Foundation and The Ford Family Foundation are currently funding 21 organizations that provide out-of-school-time programming (e.g., after school or summer) to rural students, students of color and low-income students. Funded programs emphasize academic support, positive adult role models and family engagement. This learning brief summarizes what is known about the importance of academic support from existing research and shares what we are learning about the efforts of the Initiative grantees to provide academic support through out-of-school time programming. We hope that this description of the work of the Initiative grantees helps build understanding of the practices and experiences of out-of-school time programs in Oregon.