This paper provides water practitioners with a toolbox of concepts to help identify which accountability factors affect the sustainability of water and sanitation service delivery and match this diagnosis to different solutions and options for action.
- As many as 30 to 50 percent of WASH projects fail after 2 to 5 years.
- The lack of sustainability of water, sanitation and hygiene interventions is a major obstacle to universal access to WASH.
- Making the achievements of WASH programmes and services sustainable requires a focus on water governance.
- To achieve an effective governance of water resources and services, decision-makers and service providers need to take responsibility for their decisions.