Reviews the literature on implementation of educational reforms and compares implementation processes and costs at schools that have adopted one of three literacy reforms. Includes recommendations for detailed resource planning and cost accounting.
- Observation: Two of the most common reasons for unsuccessful reform implementation were (1) failure to account for all of the necessary resources, and (2) failure to procure the appropriate resources at the outset.
- Observation: Questioning the Author had the lowest cost as no modifications were required in class size, scheduling, personnel, or facilities and materials.
- Observation: READ 180 requires appropriate staffing, professional development, and use of the courseware to increase student literacy achievement.
- Observation: While two sites experienced success with Reading Apprenticeship, differences in implementation had a large impact on costs.