Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving some level of food security through improvement in smallholder farmers' productivity. But the 1989-2003 civil conflict adversely reversed all positive gains towards food security. This situation resulted to near collapse of the Liberian economy and undermined the growth of smallholder farmers' entrepreneurship in post-conflict Liberia. In order to reduce post-war food insecurity, government and its partners have been making rehabilitating the agriculture sector. Hence, the research is to assess the extents to which agricultural productivity and climate change affect the entrepreneurship of smallholder farmers (ShFs), using the Western and Central Regions of Liberia as a case study.