As a new branch of medicine, modern nursing was transplanted to China by missionaries through church-established medical schools and hospitals. As western medicine spread in China, the career of nursing took root, pullulated and bloomed. During this process, the School of Nursing at Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) played a crucial role since it started higher nursing education in China. Anna D. Wolf (1890-1985) was the first dean of the PUMC School of Nursing. It is very significant to carry out research on Wolf's work in Peking in order to understand the establishment of higher nursing education in China.