The CDFI sector has grown rapidly since the mid-1990s, with approximately 1,000 CDFIs across the country today. Evaluations of their operations, including our own industry analysis, have generally painted a positive picture of the sector.1 Yet questions remain. Insufficient data and poor data quality—in part because of the relative newness of the sector—pose particular problems. Additionally, there is no single set of performance measures that can be applied to the CDFI sector as a whole. Instead, the field must develop a performance measurement framework that can beused as a tool to monitor the individual stakeholder relationships of each CDFI.