In 2019 and 2020, Arnold Ventures and the Joyce Foundation released separate yet complementary reports on the topic of gun violence in the United States. Both reports reflect the work of expert advisory panels tasked with identifying gaps in gun violence information, but each considers different challenges. Arnold Ventures engaged NORC at the University of Chicago to facilitate an Expert Panel to consider the existing gun violence data infrastructure. At the same time, the Joyce Foundation engaged an advisory panel of scientific experts (Expert Advisory Panel) to consider the gun violence research agenda.
Taken together, these reports: 1) frame the topic of gun violence as a common, widespread, and costly problem in urban, suburban, and rural areas; 2) provide evidence to support that gun violence affects adults and children and is among the leading causes of preventable death and injury; 3) assert that gun violence research and the data infrastructure supporting that work is under-funded by the federal government; and 4) recommend that policymakers take several actions to combat gun violence. Overall, the NORC Expert Panel and the Joyce Foundation's Expert Advisory Panel conclude that there are significant gaps in gun violence information which weaken the ability of policymakers to address the problem of gun violence in the United States.
Arnold Ventures and the Joyce Foundation commissioned Health Management Associates (HMA) to conduct a cost estimate of the federal government implementing the recommendations of these two reports. HMA conducted its cost estimate as an independent third-party with the autonomy to evaluate all aspects of the data infrastructure recommendations and research agenda dimensions.