During the summer of 2010, I conducted a weeklong research trip to the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC), to examine records pertaining to the establishment of a public health department in the state of New Mexico (1919-1937). My primary research objective was to study the role of philanthropic organizations such as the International Health Board of the Rockefeller Foundation and the Commonwealth Fund in funding health projects throughout the state. More specifically, I wanted to closely examine the development of reproductive, maternal, and infant heath services in diverse New Mexican communities. What I found in the archives was ample documentation about the impoverishment of New Mexico and an array of consequences triggered by the under funding of health services. This research into state health funding is integral to my larger manuscript project on the history of infant mortality and reproductive health in New Mexico.