The St. Regis Mohawk Tribe, a federally recognized tribe, has witnessed a remarkable expansion in recent years. It has experienced economic growth made possible by Indian sovereignty and intergovernmental agreement, namely the growth of its bingo and This report examines how one particular Native nation, the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe, participates in the economy of New York. It explains how the structural features of Mohawk sovereignty distinguish its economic activity from non-Indian commerce and government, intensifying its regional economic benefits. It documents the remarkable recent growth of the Mohawk economy and tallies the jobs, earnings, and taxes that result from this activity. Most importantly, th is report demonstrates that the remarkable gains the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe has achieved for its people come at no expense to the people of New York. To the contrary, St. Regis Mohawk economic activity provides substantial net benefits to the immediate off-reservation economy and New York more broadly.