The Oxfam GB Urban Livelihoods Programme in the Russian Federation began in 2004. Its aim was to improve sustainable livelihoods of urban poor through small business development and through promoting municipal governance. This final evaluation was commissioned by Oxfam GB in order to assess the impact of the Urban Livelihoods Programme in the Russian Federation. The evaluation report aims to assess progress to date of the components funded by the Doen Foundation (2004-2007) and the EU's IBPP programme (2005-2007). The report also considers issues affecting the sustainability of project outcomes, the replicability of this work, and lessons for the future.