The purpose of these series of Policy Briefs is to ensure effective dissemination of information collected and generated as a result of the World Bank-funded Study of Good Management Practice in Sustainable Fisheries, the ACP Fish II Feasibility Study (EC), and a Workshop on Fiscal Reform in Fisheries (DFID and GTZ). The primary objective of assessing fisheries management performance is the identification of opportunities for improving the effectiveness of fisheries management. Little exists in the literature specifically on how to go about such an exercise. This is partly explained by the need to tailor each exercise to fit the particular circumstances of the fisherY and its management system. There exists, however, a useful literature covering aspects of the fisheries management function, a sample of which is provided in the box below. Assessing fisheries management performance is essentially assessing the success, or otherwise, of fisheries management. The first Policy Brief in this series had discussed what constitutes 'success' and some of the difficulties in arriving at conclusions as to how successful fisheries management has been. This Policy Brief 11 tentatively suggests an approach to undertaking an assessment of fisheries management performance. It is intended that it be used with discretion and imagination. Those undertaking an assessment exercise should tailor the exercise to the particular circumstances of the fishery.