Health is crucial for sustainable human development, both as an inalienable human right and an essential contributor to the economic growth of society. Health is also a good summative measure of the progress of nations in achieving sustainable development. It contributes to national development through good health at all ages, the benefits of development extend across generations. This report discusses how investments in primary health care can promote health across all social groups and reduce health inequities within and between countries. Improving performance of health systems by enhancing financial and human resources, appropriate use to technology, community empowerment and good governance will advance this agenda. The potential for providing large-scale employment as frontline health workers, particularly to women and young persons, should be utilized to strengthen the economy and improve health services.