The House of Commons began an inquiry into the work of private foundations in July 2011. It decided to focus on foundations specifically, rather than wider philanthropic flows (e.g. corporate giving). Key issues that were explored included: the role of foundations in development; their relations with DFID and multilateral organisations, including the effectiveness of co-ordination and the avoidance of duplication; and their accountability. The House of Commons also wished briefly to examine the role and influence of high profile advocates on international development, whether philanthropists such as Bill Gates and George Soros, or celebrities including pop singers and actors.