The Senate immigration bill (The Secure Borders, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Reform Act of 2007) includes a fundamental revision of family-based permanent immigration streams. Family-based immigration would continue to be the largest single stream of permanent legal immigration numerically. In addition, the backlog clearance provisions of the bill would result in expedited processing of approximately four million family-member applications during the eight years after enactment. Thus, it would be a significant period of time before the proposed familybased revisions would be fully felt. However, understanding the likely impact of such reforms is important as the country continues to debate changes to the immigration selection system.