This report presents information on the clients and agencies in the state of Texas. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2010, conducted in 2009 for Feeding America (FA) (formerly America's Second Harvest), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed in-person interviews with more than 62,000 clients served by the FA national network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 37,000 FA agencies. The study summarized below focuses on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the FA network.
- The FA system in Texas provides emergency food for an estimated 2,992,800 different people annually.
- 42% of the members of client households in Texas are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).
- 43% of client households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1).
- Among client households with children, 78% are food insecure and 30% are food insecure with very low food security (Table 220.127.116.11).
- 53% of clients in Texas report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1).
- 37% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1).
- 29% of client households in Texas report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)
- At the administration of this survey, 18 food banks or FROs affiliated with FA operated in Texas. Of the agencies that were served by those organizations, 2,704 agencies that had their operation within the state responded to the agency survey. Of the responding agencies, 2,101 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or shelter.
- 73% of pantries, 49% of kitchens, and 41% of shelters are run by faith-based agencies affiliated with churches, mosques, synagogues, and other religious organizations (Table 10.6.1).
- Among programs that existed in 2006, 76% of pantries, 62% of kitchens, and 56% of shelters in Texas reported that there had been an increase since 2006 in the number of clients who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1).
- Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for agencies with emergency food providers, accounting for 83% of the food distributed by pantries, 52% of the food distributed by kitchens, and 46% of the food distributed by shelters (Table 13.1.1).
- As many as 92% of pantries, 77% of kitchens, and 75% of shelters in Texas use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).