Offers models for improving teachers' skills, including through apprenticeships and in-school mentoring; for creating an environment for great teaching through better leadership and whole-school reform; and guidance for donors on the policy environment.
- Observation: Studies show that teachers are the primary factor affecting student achievement, impacting student performance more than class size, school culture, or parental involvement, particularly in low-income districts.
- Observation: Donors should identify and fund nonprofit organizations using models focused on three high impact areas: improving pre-service teacher preparation, providing support to new teachers, and investing in teachers' ongoing development.
- Observation: Environments for quality teacher and student performance are most successfully created through improving training and support for principals and encouraging effective models for overall school reform.
- Observation: Donors looking to support reform initiatives should understand the underlying federal, state, and district policy context when making judgments regarding the impact of philanthropic investments.