John S. Niederhauser was an important scientist and administrator in the Rockefeller Foundation's Mexican Agricultural Program (MAP) from the 1940s through the 1960s. In 1943, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican government established a program to improve agricultural production in Mexico. The MAP originated much of the agricultural practice and procedure that became known as the "Green Revolution." From 1961 to 1972, Niederhauser directed the Inter-American and International Potato Improvement Programs headquartered in Mexico. For his contributions to the improvement of agricultural production, he was awarded the World Food Prize in 1990.