In 2011 the Wallace Center, with funding from the Walmart Foundation, initiated a program to more effectively link limited resource and historically disadvantaged farmers to local produce markets in the Deep South. As a first step in this work, the Wallace Center undertook a study of the fresh fruit and vegetable markets in Alabama and Mississippi, specifically focusing on challenges faced by limited resource and historically disadvantaged farmers. This report explores the issues these farmers face and offers an array of potential solutions to address on-farm, market, and infrastructure problems. It provides an overview of historically disadvantaged and limited resource farmers in the South; presents on-farm challenges that these farmers experience in meeting local and regional market demand for fresh fruits and vegetables; explores market and infrastructure challenges that stand as barriers to farmers' market. This study has identified numerous and varied opportunities to address the on-farm, market, and infrastructure barriers small farms face in accessing these markets in the Deep South, including: providing capacity building and technical assistance directly linked to market activity; facilitating collaboration among farmers to share resources and achieve scale; catalyzing new, and working with existing, produce aggregators; moving beyond direct markets into local institutions and businesses, and varying the types of product that meet the needs of high and low end customers; aligning crop production to market windows; expanding use of organic production practices; and fully utilizing hoop house technology, among others. There is significant room for growth in local and regional food systems in the Deep South states of Alabama and Mississippi, which are currently underdeveloped. This report reveals pragmatic interventions and insights that will shape the success of developing local and regional food systems in the Deep South. Among them are the importance of collaboration along the supply chain; the role of market intermediary actors (such as supporting organizations, aggregators, distributors, and food hubs) who can expand the reach of local products into new markets; information sharing along the supply chain; transparency and trust in building relationships; the need to diversify partners and to work directly at the farmer level; the need for accountability processes and systems built into projects that ensure capacity and follow through; and encouraging farmers to take incremental steps to access larger markets.