Between 1896 and 1966 the Colonial Nursing Association (CNA) recruited and sent 8,450 nurses to areas overseas with substantial British populations. The Association was run by volunteers, but quickly came to serve as an agency recruiting nurses for the Colonial Office and British overseas communities. The Association changed its name to the Overseas Nursing Association (ONA) in 1918, reflecting its work for areas which were not colonies. The main purpose of my research undertaken at the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC) was to gain an outside perspective of the British nurses' work overseas. The International Health Division (IHD), formerly the International Health Commission/Board of the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), actively surveyed and tried to cooperate with British colonial government health policy and practice.