Liberal internationalists in the United States and elsewhere faced new threats in the 1930s and 1940s. Various Rockefeller funds, particularly the Rockefeller Foundation (RF), had invested in the internationalist community. These monetary investments were also an ideological commitment on the part of the many officers in these organizations. They saw a world being reshaped by new technologies, new political movements, and a nagging Depression. By looking at the scope of RF supported programs that sought to understand this changing globe gives one a sense of the diverse elements internationalists saw as critical to understand if these forces were to be controlled. This led to international efforts to remake the world once World War II began.