The purpose of this report is to examine what is available in Minnesota to help new Americans
learn English and the extent to which language classes also incorporate acculturation skills and activities. The McKnight Foundation is interested in understanding how immigrant and refugee parents acquire language and acculturation skills to complement their own cultural parenting values and practices, so they can be more effective parents in their new country. The Foundation's overall goal is to help refugee and immigrant families integrate/assimilate into their new home while preserving their family strength and keeping the family intact. The Foundation believes that parents have responsibility for nurturing their children. In order for immigrant and refugee parents to help their children, they need to be empowered with adequate tools to complement and support their own parenting skills. Often, English as a Second Language (ESL) classes may be the first and only contact immigrant and refugee adults have with Americans.