This 2011 study of Local Economic Governance (LEG) is aimed at giving a portrayal of the quality of local economic governance in 245 regencies/municipalities in 19 provinces in Indonesia. 1 It is hoped that this study will serve as a basis for local governments at the local level to prioritize reforms and improvements in their performance in various aspects of local economic governance. It is also expected that this study will create an atmosphere of healthy competition among regencies/ municipalities. For the provincial governments, the results of this study can be used as an instrument to monitor the performance of local governments and to set priorities -- in terms of aspects of LEG and of location -- in facilitation and support for regencies/municipalities in improving their performance. For business operators, the results of the LEG study are expected to provide information on the quality of economic governance in the respective regencies/municipalities that will help them make decisions on investment and business development.