This report is intended for technical and high-level officers working both on poverty issues and in health and water departments at national and local levels. The report demonstrates how comparing levels of poverty in a location with maps of access to safe drinking water, enhanced sanitation facilities, hygiene behavior, and other environmental health indicators can inform strategies to fight poverty, as well as how information on the location and severity of poverty can assist in setting priorities for interventions and how to integrate data sets about water supply, sanitation infrastructure, and hygiene behavior to support coordinated interventions.
- Poverty maps and maps of water and sanitation indicators can provide insight into the relationship between poverty, water, and sanitation.
- Maps showing water and sanitation indicators at the sub-county level can be used by planners to identify disadvantaged areas and examine equity issues.
- Combining map-based census data related to water, sanitation, and hygiene can guide more integrated campaigns to decrease the incidence of water-borne diseases.
- The type of analysis presented in this report is most useful for identifying sub-counties with similar poverty, water, and sanitation characteristics in order to guide geographic targeting.
- Policy makers need to make it a priority to fill data gaps on sanitation and hygiene indicators; regularly update water, sanitation, and hygiene data; and continue supply of poverty data for small administrative areas; and strengthen data integration, mapping, and analysis.