American Institutes for Research (AIR) conducted this study as part of the Student-Centered Learning Research Collaborative's initial cycle of research. The team at AIR worked alongside fellow scholars, educators, and policymakers to investigate the impact of specific student-centered practices and then translate their findings for cross-sector audiences.
The research questions investigated in this study are:
- What practices do teachers employ to provide feedback to students on their performance that assist with the development of student agency?
- What contextual factors do teachers view as facilitators of or challenges to implementing these practices?
- How well do student survey questions measure student agency?
- Were the measurement properties of the agency scales consistent over time and across student subgroups?
- Are there significant subgroup differences in measures of student agency?
- How does student agency change during the school year?
- Do changes in student agency during the school year differ between subgroups of students?
- How do teachers use data to inform their practices?
This report represents their work over the past two years as they designed, tested, and revised teacher practices as part of a networked improvement community and examined how student agency impacted academic outcomes.