The history of American elections is replete with colorful stories of intense campaigns, hotly contested elections, and questionable vote counts -- and recounts. From Jackson versus Adams and "Dewey Beats Truman" to Gregoire versus Rossi and Bush versus Gore, American elections at the national, state and local levels are often narrowly decided. This makes election administration processes -- registering voters, setting up polling places, counting votes, and everything in between -- crucial. Most recently, the 2000 and 2004 elections shone a spotlight on the importance of eicient, efective electoral systems. In both 2000 and 2004, with polls showing voters evenly divided between the presidential candidates, tight gubernatorial and statehouse races, and controversial initiatives on the ballot in many states, it was clear that every vote would count on Election Day.