The adjustment of boy life to the city environment has always been a difficult one. Or, at least, that was the opinion of the New York City YMCA in 1927. City boys across the United States, however, might have disagreed. They played, worked, and lived in the city as successfully as boys anywhere in the nation. The city environment afforded many boys the spaces to create particularly strong peer networks as well as the opportunity to earn disposable incomes of which other boys could only dream. Indeed, their familiarity and ease with city spaces shocked middle-class adults. Real boys in the Progressive Era found little difficulty in confronting urban life.