Access to safe and potable water is fundamental to sustaining health and achieving economic development. With rapid population growth, border disputes, inadequate management of water resources, and the effects of climate change, water scarcity has emerged as a key issue. This can in turn lead to food vulnerabilities as well as conflicts over resources. Political will, public and private investment, international cooperation and more effective and efficient systems of water management can help combat this issue. Various international organizations such as the World Bank and the United Nations have introduced programs to support the governments of developing and emerging nations to address water scarcity, but more needs to be done.