This report presents country, regional, and global estimates on access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene in 2011. It warns that the Millennium Development Goal target for sanitation will not be met at the current rate of progress. The paper also presents Joint Monitoring Programme's four new proposed targets for the post-2015 WASH agenda.
- Since 1990, almost 1.9 billion people have gained access to an improved sanitation facility. Fifteen percent of the world population continued to practice open defecation in 2011.
- The majority of those without sanitation (71%) live in rural areas.
- By the end of 2011, 89% of the world population used an improved drinking-water source. Yet service quality issues remain even in well-covered urban areas; intermittent supplies increase likelihood of contamination.
- Over 70% of the progress made in access to improved drinking water was achieved with piped drinking water on premises.
- Proposed future targets include: eliminating open defecation by 2025, universal home handwashing facilities by 2030, and adequate sanitation in all homes by 2040.