This report provides final advice with respect to main Human Factors issues pertaining to the proposed ?Radio Break-In? technology under development.
Rail Level Crossings remain a high-risk interface between rail and other modes of surface transport. In Australia, there were 578 level crossing accidents involving collisions between road vehicles and trains
between 2001 and 2008 (ATSB, 2008). These collisions typically involve serious injury, frequently involve fatalities, and are associated with significant personal, organisational, and governmental cost. NFA Innovations, in collaboration with VicRoads, and supported by the Department of Innovation, Industry and Regional Development (DIIRD), is undertaking a detailed proof of concept study to determine the effectiveness of ?radio break-in technology? with regard to level crossing safety.
This report provides advice based on a systematic review of the research evidence pertained from relevant scientific journals and scientific texts. Preference was given to primary sources, where research had been undertaken with specific reference to rail level crossings and in-vehicle auditory warnings. Where specific relevant research was absent, the literature review prioritised evidence first from similar domains (such as auditory warnings in aviation) and then first-principles Human Factors and perceptual psychology literature.
As is the case with any advice, these recommendations based on theoretical assumptions should be subjected to formal evaluation in either simulated or real operational environments.