This Handbook is the product of six years of work by the first UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights to water and sanitation, Catarina de Albuquerque. It explains the meaning and legal obligations that arise from these rights, translating the often complex technical and legal language into accessible information.
The Handbook, which is presented across nine booklets addressing different areas of activity, is targeted towards governments at all levels, donors and national regulatory bodies. It provides information that will also be useful to other local, regional and international stakeholders, including civil society, service providers and human rights organisations.
The first part of the handbook, the introduction, is available here. The other parts are available at the website: http://www.righttowater.info/handbook/#1
- In order to implement the human rights to water and sanitation, States must ensure that existing legal, policy and regulatory frameworks incorporate human rights considerations, and reform them where this is not the case.
- Financing strategies and budgets must be monitored to ensure that they have been developed and executed in compliance with the human rights to water and sanitation.
- To comply with the human rights to water and sanitation, the delivery of water and sanitation services requires clear planning processes, institutions with a clear mandate, and the necessary financial and human resources.
- Monitoring compliance with the human rights to water and sanitation is essential in understanding the extent to which the State has been successful in realising these rights and gathering the necessary data for future planning and resource allocation.
- States must ensure that people whose human rights are either not realised or being violated have access to justice.