Updates a 2009 guide with new research on what an effective school leader does; how to improve the training of principals to meet the tough demands of their jobs; how districts can better support and evaluate principals; and how to expand learning time.
- Observation: Research shows that a good principal is the single most important determinant of whether a school can attract and keep the high-quality teachers necessary to turn around a school.
- Observation: Quality principals can improve teaching and learning in low-performing schools by motivating teachers to create "proÃ‚Âfessional communities" in which teachers give each other help and guidance to improve instructional practices.
- Observation: Steps to create effective principals include selective recruitment to indentify teachers with leadership potential, active instruction that integrates theory and practice, and offering supervised internships that provide opportunities for aspiring principals to experience leadership first-hand.
- Observation: State and district policies aimed at mentoring new principals should focus on student learning and the links between successful leadership and student performance.