This report uses Census Bureau data to provide a portrait of same-sex couples affected by United States immigration policy. Using data from the American Community Survey (ACS) it presents demographic profiles of three different types of same-sex couples: binational couples in which one partner is a U.S. citizen and one is not; dual non-citizen couples; and couples that include a naturalized U.S. citizen. Binational couples and non-citizen couples in which only one partner is a permanent resident would gain protections and rights if U.S. immigration law were changed to treat same-sex couples as their different-sex counterparts are treated.
As of 2010, nearly 79,200 same-sex couples living in the United States include at least one partner who is currently not a U.S citizen or was naturalized as a citizen
. Of the nearly 650,000 same-sex couples in the US:
- 4.4% or 28,574 are binational couples (one partner is a U.S. citizen and one is not)
- 1.8% or 11,442 are dual non-citizen couples
- 6.1% or 39,176 are dual citizen couples with at least one naturalized partner