In 2016 the Toilet Board Coalition ran a Feasibility Study to explore the potential role of Sanitation in the Circular Economy. The following questions were at the centre of our inquiry:
- Are there products or materials of value being upcycled from toilet resources?
- Are there scalable business models to deliver sustainable supply of these products to the market?
- Is there commercial interest and demand from large industrial operations to become buyers into the system?
This paper presents the findings of our study in the form of a thought piece on the topic of sanitation in the Circular Economy. Our intent is to present a number of business opportunity spaces, where we believe that value has been left on the table and customer needs unmet, which we recommend are to be explored further in the decade ahead.