Signed into law on April 9, 2008, the Second Chance Act (P.L. 110-199) is designed to positively impact the life outcomes of individuals transitioning into society after experiencing incarceration. The Second Chance Act authorizes grants to state, local, and federally recognized tribal governments to provide support strategies and services designed to reduce recidivism and create opportunities for people returning from prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities. In June 2015, Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT), Senator Rob Portman (R-OH), Senator Marco Rubio (R-FL), and Senator Kelly Ayotte (R-NH) introduced a bill (S. 1513) to reauthorize the Second Chance Act. This fact sheet prepared by the National Initiatives on Poverty and Economic Opportunity team describes some of the provisions included in the Second Chance Reauthorization Act.