This State Long-Term Services and Supports (LTSS) Scorecard is a multidimensional approach to measure state-level performance of LTSS systems that assist older people, adults with disabilities, and their family caregivers. This second edition of the State LTSS Scorecard measures LTSS system performance across five key dimensions: (1) affordability and access, (2) choice of setting and provider, (3) quality of life and quality of care, (4) support for family caregivers, and (5) effective transitions. Performance varies tremendously across the states, with LTSS systems in leading states having markedly different characteristics than those in lagging states. LTSS performance is gradually improving, both nationally and in most states. Progress is notable in many areas where public policy has a direct impact, including performance of the Medicaid safety net and legal and system supports for family caregivers. But the pace of improvement must accelerate as the Baby Boom Generation moves toward advanced ages.