Assesses the degree to which the i3 program helped advance innovation in public education. Outlines takeaways, challenges, and recommendations for the Education Department and grantmakers, including optimizing support for different stages of innovation.
- Observation: The i3 program pushed the innovation landscape forward by directing attention to the need for more innovation in education, by establishing stages of innovation and requiring evidence based on student outcomes across all stages, by emphasizing the importance of scale as a goal for innovation, and by encouraging connections across sectors.
- Observation: The program's eligibility requirements, peer review process, and selection criteria favored established organizations, made it unlikely to identify the most promising early-stage innovations, and excluded virtually all for-profit providers.
- Observation: Selection, support, and accountability for the various types and stages of innovation must be differentiated.
- Observation: The private sector can and should take on greater risk in the earlier stages of innovation, and as products and approaches prove their merit for serving a larger scale of the public the burden of support should be shifted toward the public sector.