The primary objective of this report is to provide a coherent and comprehensive review on integrated urban water management (IUWM) approach to assist public authorities to identify and address the future challenges of urban water supply, sanitation and flood management in African cities.
- Institutions responsible for service provision need technical, financial, managerial and social intermediation capacity that is lacking in most African cities.
- Most African cities are at the stage of the 'water supply city' and are still at the stage to transition to the 'sewered and drained' city.
- At country levels, the water supply and sanitation coverage ranges between 67-99 percent, with wide disparity in different cities.
- Urban water management (UWM) of cities face technical challenges such as high leakage rates, poor waste water treatment and drainage, cross contamination of portable water, flooding of urban area, and inappropriate solid waste management.
- UWM institutions in Africa are fragmented and non-coordinated entities; in most cases, separate institutions are responsible for different urban water components.
- There is a lack of political leadership or government commitment to allocate national resources to the sector or to undertake reforms necessary to attract investment to the sector.