According to the report policies that support child care and higher education are among the most effective ways to help low-income working families achieve economic self-sufficiency. The research, conducted by the Grand Canyon Institute, includes data through 2013, which was utilized to analyze state-funded and administered programs that impact low-income families. Funding for specific programs suffered from substantial cuts 1) Child care subsidies: 36% decrease & program frozen 2) Community colleges: 58% decrease in state funding 3) Universities: 39% decrease in state funding. An exception to this downward trend is a 25% increase in the number of qualifying Arizonans enrolled in AHCCCS in the last six years. As more low income individuals will have quality health care, this is expected to generally improve health outcomes, decrease infant and child mortality rates, and reduce health care costs.