The leading health indicators were identified by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as part of the Healthy People 2010 initiative to help focus the nation's health agenda and provide a roadmap for promoting health and preventing illness, disability, and premature death. These 10 measures were selected based on their relevance as major public health concerns, the availability of data to measure progress, and their ability to motivate action. They touch on the major determinants of health, including individual behaviors, environmental factors, and health system issues. Each indicator also relates to the two overarching goals of theHealthy People 2010 initiative:
* increasing the quality and years of healthy life by helpingindividuals gain knowledge, motivation, and opportunitiesto make informed decisions about their health; and
* eliminating health disparities within the population, includinggender, race, ethnicity, education, income, disability,geographic location, or sexual orientation.
LEADING HEALTH INDICATORS➤ Physical Activity➤ Overweight and Obesity➤ Tobacco Use➤ Substance Abuse➤ Responsible Sexual Behavior➤ Mental Health➤ Injury and Violence➤ Environmental Quality➤ Immunization➤ Access to Health Care