In October 2005, representatives from 20 countries, the United Nations, European-Union institutions, and the Council of Europe participated in the first-ever U.S./European Summit on Missing and Exploited Children
. They discussed, compared, and assessed the effectiveness of:
- national and international legal instruments enacted to combat child abduction and the sexual exploitation of children;
- national and supranational initiatives that address the increasingly complex moral, societal, and legal challenges; and
- current private and non-governmental initiatives and practices that support the protection of children.
Specifically, participants sought to provide a common, universally agreed upon definition of the problem of child sexual exploitation.