This is one of a series of five papers outlining the particular domains and dimensions of inequality where new research may yield a better understanding of responses to this growing issue.
This paper focuses on inequality in the justice system. Using a fact-based approach the recognizes the complexitites surrounding the issue, it argues that the system itself is implicated in the exacerbation of inequality, especially for blacks and other minorities.
The first part of this paper addresses what is known about crime, offenders, and victims. The second part examines what is known about the justice system response, in particular how this response has, in fact, exacerbated inequality. The third part of this paper discusses promising directions for future research, as well as directions for future work on programs, policies, and practices to reduce inequality related to justice outcomes for youth ages 5 to 25 in the United States.