The first global Water and Development Strategy released by the US Agency for International Development outlines the approach that will guide USAID's water programming through 2018. The Strategy emphasizes sustainability, working through host country systems, using emerging science and technology, and learning from past efforts.
- The goal of the Strategy is: To save lives and advance development through improvements in WASH programs, and through sound management and use of water for food security. Water programming will give priority to the Presidential Initiatives of Global Health and Feed the Future.
- The agency will seek investments in longer-term monitoring and evaluation of water activities to assess sustainability beyond the typical program cycle.
- IWRM is emphasized, along with increased attention to sanitation in WASH projects and multiple use systems of water for agriculture.
- Attention will be paid to policy reform, strengthened enabling environments and institutions, participatory governance, and innovative financing, and USAID intends to work in close cooperation with non-governmental and civil society organizations.
- Resources will be concentrated in fewer countries and program areas, giving strong consideration to "transformative impact" countries and smaller investments to "leverage impact" countries.
- Targets for 2018 are to increase sustainable access to improved water supply for 10 million people and to improved sanitation for 6 million.