This report explores local water security in two different sites in Ethiopia, Shinile and Konso. This issue cannot be reduced to a single diagnostic such as measures of water use or presence of an improved source. The pressures of water security on livelihoods and household-level responses are discussed and local and national government responses are examined.
- The impact of high rainfall variability on both agricultural and livestock production emerged as the most important dimension of water insecurity for most communities.
- People respond to this pressure by diversifying livelihoods or migrating to more promising areas, either temporarily or permanently, as a planned accumulation strategy or a survival response.
- Livelihoods are highly dynamic over time in both districts.
- Local government is highly constrained in terms of its ability to respond to the complex water security situation in an integrated, livelihoods-based fashion.
- National policy is more ambitious and is increasingly paying attention to ensuring the sustainability of water schemes and exploring possibilities to better support householdsÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ own water investments by enabling and regulating self-supply.