This document is intended to serve as a reference tool to help USAID Operating Units understand and apply the agency's 2013-2018 Water and Development Strategy. By publicly sharing the document, USAID aims to ensure coordination of their efforts with the wider water sector. The Field Guide will be periodically updated and comments from readers are welcome.
- Design and implementation of the strategy is guided by a results-oriented approach, using a set of standard indicators on water, sanitation, hygiene, and agriculture specified in the document.
- Geographic focus areas for WASH for health programming are determined by country needs and vulnerability; opportunity and potential; and strategic considerations. Priority countries for water for agriculture are those identified by the U.S. Government's Feed the Future initiative.
- Monitoring and evaluation should be applied as mutually reinforcing, but distinct, tools. It is also recommended that Operating Units develop and implement a learning plan around the program cycle.
- To achieve the greatest sustainable impact on health, WASH programming should aim for a balance of: access to hardware, behavior changes, and enabling policies and institutions.
- The principal legislative driver of USAID WASH funding is the Water for the Poor Act. Global Climate Change Initiative, Biodiversity, and other water- and food-related discretionary programs are also funding sources that can be leveraged.