This report aims to help all concerned actors to improve water management, and management of agricultural and food systems for water, and to improve water governance, given the overarching need to ensure provision and access to safe drinking water for all, good sanitation, and maximize the contribution of water to food security and nutrition for all, now and in the future.
- In 2012, globally 4 percent of the urban population and 18 percent of the rural population (but 47 percent of the rural population in Sub Saharan Africa) still lacked access to an improved drinking water source and 25 percent of the population lacked access to improved or shared sanitation.
- Availability of water is very different across geographical regions, both in terms of rainwater, and of surface and ground water. Therefore, water availability needs to be considered at regional, national and local levels.
- According to OECDÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s business as usual scenario global water demand is projected to increase by some 55 percent by 2050, with over 40 percent of the global population living in river basins experiencing severe water stress (where water withdrawals exceed 40 percent of recharge), especially in North and Southern Africa, and South and Central Asia.
- Effective water management is grounded on appropriate tools to monitor and assess climate risks (floods and droughts), and can mobilize landscape approaches, such as land restoration, forest and watershed management, appropriate use of floodplains, as well as infrastructure for water storage.